What is software Testing Process?
Evaluate the functionality
Identify bugs & defects
Identify gaps between existing and expected conditions
Why is Software Testing Process is Important?
Software Testing makes the process of Software development a little cost-effective. During software development, a lot of money can be saved by doing software testing as it makes sure that your software does not need continuous fixing. Releasing a faulty software can cost you numerous investments, users, and clients.
Guaranteeing high-quality software to your clients can be achieved by software testing, as it aims to remove bugs and defects in your software to ensure smooth functioning. Quality software is key to building a brand image and attracts more customers with higher payments.
What are the types of Software Testing?
Advantage of human eye
2- Automation Testing
Automation Testing is done by using testing software and to assist you in automatically testing your software there are various tools accessible
Scheduled test execution
Scheduling a software test anytime during the day from anywhere can be done using automation testing and you don’t have to be physically present for the testing as this provides flexibility which automation tools do
Regression testing is easy
As you do not have to overlook the testing process so automation testing increases the speed. A lot of time which takes on testing scripts and repeated
testing gets freed which leads to efficiency and offering you a chance to work on other aspects of the software.
What are the methods of Software Testing?
What are the approaches to Software Testing?
Grey Box Testing
What are the levels of Software Testing?
What are the different Software testing process models?
Traditional Waterfall Development Module
Agile Development Module
What are the various tools for Software Testing?
Appium is easy to install and use, which is used as a testing tool mainly for mobile applications. Appium has become one of the best mobile automation testing tools, as it supports the automation of native, hybrid, and mobile web applications for both IOS and Android. It is an open-source tool, which automates any mobile app supported by any language and test framework.
Katalon is an automation testing tool that supports both web and mobile-based applications, also it can be integrated with various tools like Jira, Git, Slack, qTest, etc. To develop a variety of test cases, it has numerous built-in keywords and by running on Windows, macOS, and Linux, it displays versatility. People with minimum programming skills can use this tool.
It is an open-sourced Behaviour Driven Development Tool and has remarkable users like PayPal and Canon. In a web-based environment, it supports numerous languages, whose code be executed on different frameworks and is written in simple English which is known as Gherkin
IBM Rational Functional Tester
It is an automation testing tool for SAP, which provides the only code-free platform for continuous test automation. Even in the implementation, maintenance, and up-gradation stages of the SAP project, this tool can be deployed. Worksoft offers an in-built test-data management tool, which is primarily built to meet the requirements of large firms that handle crucial business processes. Worksoft offers DevOps and Agile continuation automation platforms.
IBM Rational Functional Tester
Teleric Test Studio supports the testing of desktop, web, and mobile applications, with an extensive test automation solution. It enables scheduled tests, parallel test execution and strong test reporting features as Teleric Test Studio is an automation testing tool. Compatible with Graphical User Interface (GUI), Performance, Load, Application Programming Interface (API) Testing, and also has a feature of “Record and Playback Tool”. Two scripting languages – C# and VB.Net are supported by it.
It is an open-source tool for functional testing, which even though it is not a testing tool for web or mobile app testing, it can be used for API Testing. It allows easy reuse of scripts and unsynchronized testing, along that it also has features like drag-and-drop and point-and-click test generation.
What are the Software Testing deliverables?
Based on the business requirement specifications, Test Strategy is chosen and it is an essential, high-rank management document developed by the test manager. The overview of the software development cycle’s approach is provided by Test Strategy and it must include –
Testing Efforts and Costs
Test Plan and Estimation
It is an elaborate document that acts as a road map for the whole project and it enables developers, managers and clients to understand the testing process in detail. Throughout the project it also guides the testing team.
Things which it describes are –
Schedule & Estimation
It is a document that estimates the amount of effort needed in the project while the whole project is divided into smaller components where each component’s required effort is estimated. The formation of a test-schedule is lead by Test Estimation which is also known as project management.
It is an elaborate document of test cases that includes all functionalities of the software and similar requirements are grouped to be performed. Generally, from user’s point of view test scenarios are prepared. Test Scenarios are prepared from the user’s viewpoint; therefore, it is preferable to take inputs from clients, developers or users. It is easy to maintain, as the modification of test scenarios is convenient and independent.
To evaluate one feature of the software, test cases are performed which are a group of actions. Test cases are generally derived from test scenarios. Test cases which assist the testing team in ensuring that the actual and expected results match include particular conditions.
The data used to perform tests refers to Test Data. To find errors and bugs properly, it needs to be accurate and comprehensive.
Requirement Traceability Matrix
It assists the testing team in setting every requirement with a test case and helps the testing team to ensure that all the needs of the client have been met. To check on the testing process quickly, it comes as very helpful to clients.
Test Summary Report
It summarizes the executed tests along with their results and assists the client to understand and evaluate the entire testing process.
Test summary report must include some of information which are –
Testing Members, Objectives, Scope, Client Details, Test Approach used, Test Results, Defect Report
Test Closure Report
The detailed assessment of the entire testing process can be obtained by this report and it implies that the testing procedure is coming to an end after executing tests and fixing bugs. Usually, test manager makes this report and also mentions all the exit criteria
An incident report is generally made when a bug is found while executing the final software.
What are the Principles of Software Testing?
Testing shows the presence of defects
Exhaustive testing is not possible
Early Testing: Testing should be started early to find detects first
Defect Clustering: A small number of modules usually contain most of the defects
Pesticide Paradox: Repeatedly conducting the same tests won’t find new flaws. Test cases should be regularly reviewed and revised to avoid the pesticide paradox
Testing is context-dependent
Absence of errors fallacy – Identifying and fixing bugs is useless if the system built is unusable
What qualities should you look for in your Software testing team
Openness to adapt different software testing approaches according to the project’s context, is the foremost thing a testing team must has, as such flexibility comes in handy to increase the efficiency of the software.
The testing team should have a certain amount of programming knowledge to assess and rectify the bugs more effectively, no matter what testing type is being used.
Understanding of Testing Techniques
Hired testing team must have knowledge of the variety of testing techniques available and has a fair idea about all the options available.
Understanding Business Requirements
A testing team must be having a clear understanding of the purpose of the software being tested, as being aware of client’s requirement can gain them upper hand in identifying and rectify bugs in a better way.
Good Communication Skills
The team must possess exceptional verbal and written communication skills to eliminate the scope of misunderstandings in the requirements, as it can directly affect the understanding between the testing team and the client, therefore is very crucial.
Being a constant learner is always helpful as, world is transforming digitally, new technologies and techniques are introduced every day. Therefore, remaining open to learning to stay updated about all the latest available options, this will help them do a better job.
Just like geeks, common masses too are excited to learn about new trends and perhaps even try these trending things even more enthusiastically. So, let’s take a look at some important technological trends in the year 2020.