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Blockchain-based carbon credit ecosystem

Carbon credits, also known as carbon offsets, are licenses that allow the owner to emit a particular quantity of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxide emissions or the equivalent of another greenhouse gas are allowed under one credit.

Blockchain research and practical implementation are both booming globally. The vane has entered a new era with "Blockchain Plus." The carbon asset has quietly gained popularity in China.

National standards for blockchain technology are being developed by the People's Republic of China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. It seems certain that blockchain technology will eventually be used in the carbon sector. The blockchain method and many aspects of the carbon trading market are very similar. Blockchain is a decentralized database at its core. The core principles of carbon trading are assessing, storing, trading, and managing carbon emissions. While carbon trading is the use of data, blockchain is a type of data existence.

The use of power by bitcoin and other similar blockchain networks has drawn them into a wider discussion about sustainability in recent months. However, the enormous potential for smart contracts, which are completely traceable, transparent, and irreversible self-executing contracts that operate on blockchains, to help the battle against climate change has yet to be noticed.

Smart contracts enable us to create globally accessible and fully automated incentive systems that reward individuals, companies, and governments for participating in sustainable practices such as regenerative agriculture, carbon offsets, crop insurance, and other similar initiatives. At its essence, combating climate change will need a significant shift in global spending patterns, and smart contracts are a fantastic instrument for motivating involvement in global green activities.

We've reached a stage where CO2 emissions are the primary driver of global warming and climate change. It is now necessary to take climate action. To address this issue, each company's carbon footprint must be calculated and recorded, as well as the required efforts to offset it. In this circumstance, blockchain solutions are quite beneficial and efficient, and we'll explain why.

Carbon Emission and Blockchain Technology

One of the most significant contributions of Blockchain in carbon credits is using IoT-compatible smart sensors. The two together allow for the calculation of energy usage and the generation of data that can be studied, debugged, and aggregated on the Blockchain. Blockchain provides full traceability and transparency on the carbon offset projects one chooses to support. It also lets you know how your support of the carbon offset project would change biodiversity. This network converts carbon emissions into tokens or "carbon credits," which businesses and government entities may trade to offset their carbon footprint. The data obtained via the Blockchain technology project will be traceable and transparent, providing a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for carbon offset projects. For example, Carbon Credits Climatecoin, an Ethereum-based cryptocurrency project, has partnered with a carbon credit exchange to help in the fight against climate change. The move is expected to lead to the creation of the world's first blockchain-based platform for carbon credit tokenization and trading. The Carbon Blockchain credit is relatively cost-effective in determining the emission of greenhouse gases compared to other scientific methods used to reduce emissions. This conversion has made things easier as calculating carbon credit is less time-consuming. Climate coin aims to help individuals participate in the emerging crypto market while also assisting in the fight against climate change. Each token is “stapled” to a carbon credit, and climate coin owners can use the token to purchase carbon credits on the Carbon Trade Exchange (CTX). This token would be proof that the carbon offset is considered and made. The idea behind using blockchain in reducing carbon emissions is that everyone has a limit to the emissions they can produce. If a nation wants to exceed its limit, it must purchase a carbon credit. Each of these carbon credits serves as a permit to produce a certain amount of emissions; for example, one credit might equal one ton of carbon dioxide emissions. If an entity ends up with extra carbon credits, it can trade them to others on markets such as the European Union's Emissions Trading System in the world (ETS). From this project, a system emerged for voluntary carbon offsets.

The Advantages of Using Blockchain to Reduce CO2 Emissions

The use of this technology while developing a company's or institution's corporate social strategy can effectively improve and enhance commitment to:


Anyone with access to the information may see every emission offset transaction.

Cost reduction

Intermediaries are avoided, which saves money.

Improves carbon trading

It makes it easier to keep track of and comply with carbon credits.


Transactions are executed faster since the number of steps is minimized.

Improved climate finance flows

It makes it easier to build renewable energy trading platforms.

Improved report tracking

This is an important element that would aid in developing policies encouraging greenhouse gas emission reductions.

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One-Person Carbon Trading

In the Energy Review in 2013, Dieter Helm, an economics professor at the University of Oxford in England questioned the issue with the Kyoto Protocol.

The Blockchain carbon footprint is not taken into account by the Kyoto Protocol. Instead of the consumption process, it is based on reducing carbon emissions during production. However, consumers directly impact both carbon footprint and carbon consumption.

In actuality, this viewpoint is especially compelling. The fact that the public does not value carbon emissions while the industry does has long been a problem for the growth of the carbon market. The public is still unaware of the carbon market, despite the government and financial institutions' ardent dedication to its creation. The use of blockchain will accelerate individual participation in the carbon trading market, like the idea of increased participation from small and medium-sized businesses.

This will fully mobilize individual user initiative and inspire society to band together to change the embarrassing situation. The application can successfully address the issues of data ownership, privacy, and authorization because the blockchain applies to the transaction (bitcoin). Individuals who practice low-carbon behavior accumulate carbon credits and deposit them into a blockchain account using the technology.

Adopting a blockchain depository model that is safer, more open, and more effective. With an extremely clever technique, the fundamental information from each person's low-carbon behavior will be swiftly adjusted to carbon coins. The general people can buy carbon credits to consume or even invest in the carbon market.

For instance, the EU Scanergy initiative combines personal carbon trading and blockchain to enable direct trade of green energy from small consumers. The proposal, which has not yet been put into actual use, calls for assessing the network's production and consumption status every 15 minutes in the trading system and rewarding energy suppliers with a cryptocurrency similar to bitcoin called NRG to encourage energy output.

The "energy" in the "Forest of Ants'' initiative in China has a similar impact to the carbon currency. Users' reduced carbon emissions by taking the subway, paying for water, electricity, and coal online, and buying tickets online will be tallied as virtual "energy," which will be used to grow one virtual tree on their accounts. The financial and public welfare partners will plant a real tree on the soil after the virtual tree has grown to encourage and encourage users' low-carbon environmental protection behavior.

It is hoped that it will turn into a "carbon account" for future individuals to participate in carbon trading and investing if individual carbon emission reduction operations can be acknowledged nationwide and included in China's CANCER type. This was stated by Chen Long, Chief Strategy Officer of Ant Forests.

Notably, the shared ledger will hasten the integration of individual low-carbon behavior with governmental policy, public service, and corporate good if blockchain technology is used for personal carbon trading.

For instance, in 2016, China's first carbon currency trading platform saw coordination between the carbon coin system and the urban management, traffic police, and other ministries (Shenzhen). The Matching carbon currency can be considered to be user ridden.


Bitcoin network power consumption: During the stated time, the global Bitcoin network consumed 90.86 TWh and 37.97 MtCO2eq of electricity. The consumption of electricity should be viewed objectively. It is the source of the power that is utilized that is important. It is critical to distinguish between renewable and fossil energy sources. We achieve this by converting Bitcoin’s power use into its carbon footprint by considering each country’s electricity mix.

According to the most current estimate, the world’s total annual carbon footprint is 45,873.85 MtCO2eq. Bitcoin now has a total CO2eq footprint of 0.08 percent of the global total.

We offer a two-pronged technique for calculating the carbon footprint from the investor’s perspective. Companies can either focus on the proportionate network consumption in bytes concerning the Bitcoin blockchain growth over a certain time frame (transaction-based network utilization) or on the amount of Bitcoins held for a specific period, depending on the business model or data availability (ownership-based network usage).

On the Bitcoin blockchain, an average Bitcoin transaction is 670 bytes long, resulting in a carbon footprint of 369.49 kgCO2eq. At USD 50 per metric tonne of CO2eq, one average Bitcoin transaction costs USD 18.47 in compensation. We don’t want this number to be misunderstood: A single transaction might move a single dollar or hundreds of millions. Furthermore, firms such as crypto exchanges may cluster tens of thousands of users on a few Bitcoin wallets, with just a small portion of network transactions being done (e.g., daily net inflows or outflows). The carbon impact of Bitcoin transactions must be assessed with extreme caution.

Holding 1 Bitcoin for a year results in a carbon footprint of 2.04 tCO2eq. The cost of storing 1 Bitcoin for a year is USD 102.20, assuming a price of USD 50 per metric tonne of CO2eq.

Companies might use the abovementioned methods for transactions and Bitcoin ownership to calculate their carbon impact, which they would then offset. As previously stated, such computations must consider the individual company model. The outcomes of such computations will likely need to be validated and reviewed by specialist service providers in the future.

Let's build together Carbon Credits Project on Blockchain with us


On crypto exchange development services We can design incentive systems that are not only available worldwide but also run entirely on their own, thanks to the utilization of smart contracts. These systems directly reward individuals, businesses, and governments for participating in environmentally friendly practices such as regenerative agriculture, carbon offsets, crop insurance, and other initiatives. At its heart, the battle against climate change will need a massive shift in global spending patterns, and smart contracts are a great instrument for driving involvement in global green efforts.

A blockchain development company might use the abovementioned methods for transactions and Bitcoin ownership to calculate their carbon impact, which they would then offset. The company can provide a number of Blockchain development services and build custom blockchain solutions for tracking and managing carbon credits. As previously stated, such computations must consider the individual company model. The outcomes of such computations will likely need to be validated and reviewed by specialist service providers in the future.

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