DevOps Scripting Languages

What is Scripting?

Like all programming techniques, scripting gives instructions to a computer (or a set of computers). The instructions include when, how, and what to do and telling a machine what to do.

A scripting language enables programs to be accessed and used by other programs, as with many contemporary apps and computer functions. But users can also interact with scripted programs in various ways, such as by typing commands directly into the program, clicking buttons, and so forth.

The application that runs the browser is directly accessed, for instance, when you open a new browser window to do a Google search or go to a specific website. To support your experience, the browser application may also communicate concurrently with various other programs.

What's the Difference between Scripting and Coding?

They are not the same thing, even though coding and scripting are undoubtedly related phrases that people frequently mix up.

You are coding when you write instructions for computers, the programs they run, or both. Coding can be done in any computer language. (The terms "coding" and "programming" are agnostic.)

The only kind of coding that exists is scripting.

Scripting is coding that automates numerous sequential tasks or procedures. If not, a developer would have to enter each of these instructions manually.

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What are Scripting Languages?

An interpreter rather than a compiler performs operations in a scripting language's particular runtime environment. Usually interpreted from source code or bytecode, they are brief and quick.

Embedded systems in operating system shells and games are only a couple examples of such settings, along with software programs and web pages.

Using a scripting language may be appropriate depending on your objectives and context. They are cross-platform and don't require any additional software to run because they are just a set of commands performed without needing a compiler, except for a web browser.

Types of Scripting Languages

Client-side and server-side are the two primary categories of scripting languages.

The location from which the code is executed varies between them, impacting not only the existing languages used but also their capabilities and performance.

  • Server-side scripting language
    Languages that are operated by a web server are referred to as server-side scripting languages. The script is hidden from view for visitors because it operates on the back-end side. It is a safer strategy as a result.
    They are frequently used to develop dynamic websites and platforms, respond to user inquiries, and produce and give data, among other things. WordPress uses PHP, which is a well-known example of server-side scripting.
    Ruby, Perl, Node.js, PHP, and Python are among the examples.
  • Client-side scripting language
    In contrast to the examples above, client-side scripting languages are executed by the user's browser.
    Since it's typically done up front, visitors can see it, and it's less likely to be the target of leaks and vulnerabilities. Since it has lighter functionality, it is frequently used to create user interfaces. They typically offer greater performance because they are local processes, which means your server is well-rested.
    JavaScript, jQuery, HTML, and CSS are some examples.

Scripting Languages Examples

  • Python
  • Bash
  • Python


Python, one of the most well-liked programming languages in the world, has been used to develop everything from Netflix's algorithm for suggesting shows to the software that steers self-driving cars. Python is a general-purpose language, which means it's intended for use in various applications, such as data science, software and web development, automation, and just getting stuff done in general.

What is Python?

Python is a popular programming language for computers that are used to create software and websites, automate processes, and analyze data. Python is a general-purpose language that may be used to make a wide range of programs and isn't tailored for any particular issues. Thanks to its versatility and beginner-friendliness, it is one of the most widely used programming languages today.

What is Python used for?

Task automation, data analysis, and data visualization are all frequent uses for Python in creating websites and software. Many non-programmers, including accountants and scientists, have started using Python since it's reasonably simple to learn and valuable for many daily chores, including managing funds.

In his book Python for Everyone, University of Michigan professor Charles R. Severance asserts that writing programs is a tremendously imaginative and fulfilling pastime. You can build programs for various purposes, such as earning a living, tackling a challenging data analysis challenge, having fun, or supporting the efforts of others to resolve problems.

What is Python good for? A few examples are.

  • Computer learning and data analysis
  • Creation of the web
  • Programming or automation
  • Prototypes and software testing
Data analysis and machine learning

Data scientists and other experts can use Python to perform intricate statistical computations, design machine learning algorithms, build data visualizations, manage and analyze data, and perform other operations involving data. Python has established itself as a standard in the field of data science.

Web development

Python is frequently used to create a website's back end or an application's invisible portions. Sending data to and from servers, processing data and interacting with databases, URL routing, and security may all be done with Python in web development. For web development, Python provides several frameworks. Flask and Django are two that are frequently utilized.

Automation or scripting

You could work more productively using Python to automate a frequently completed job. Scripting is the process of creating the code necessary to create these automated procedures. Automation in programming can be used to perform simple math, convert files, find mistakes across several files, eliminate duplicate data, and check for flaws across multiple files.

Software testing and prototyping

Python can help with software development chores, including building control, issue tracking, and testing. Python allows programmers to automate testing for new features or products. Green and Requestium are two examples of Python testing tools.


Bash is a shell application with a command-line interface that is widely used in Linux and macOS. The term "Bourne Again Shell," created in 1989 as a replacement for the Bourne Shell, is abbreviated as Bash.

You inquire, "What is a shell? With the use of a graphical user interface (GUI) or command-line interface, a shell is a piece of software that lets you directly operate an operating system on a computer (CLI).

Advantages of Bash

What's the sense of reverting back to when windows and menus were one of the most significant advancements in computer software development? Because they still offer some definite advantages over GUIs, CLIs like Bash are still used. Let's examine some of these benefits.

  • Access your operating system more efficiently
    When they don't want to use a GUI's menus, windows, and other controls to operate their computer or operating system, people use Bash. As we previously mentioned, CLIs like Bash typically don't even require the usage of a mouse. You can move across your computer's operating system without taking your fingertips off the keyboard.
  • Input and output with text files
    Text files, including CSVs, are simple to produce and edit with Bash. Additionally, as text files are among the most popular formats for storing and processing data, Bash is excellent for activities like Preparing and curating data.
    • Data sorting and data filtering
    • Data cleanup and update
  • Automate with ease
    Additionally, Bash makes it much simpler to automate operations on your computer. This is very helpful when repetitive tasks are a component of your profession.
    Consider yourself a cybersecurity specialist at a corporation whose responsibility is to ensure that new hires' computers are properly set up. You may use the GUI to point and click through menus and screens, then change settings as necessary.

Can you use Bash in Windows?

Although Windows uses Command Prompt and PowerShell to accomplish the same tasks as Bash, Bash is renowned for being the preferred CLI shell on Mac and Linux. However, it is now possible to install Bash on Windows 10 to offer nearly the same functionality as Bash on Mac and Linux.

The ability to use the same commands and utilities to query, create, modify, run, and delete files and folders is the most significant benefit for programmers who use Bash on Windows.



Despite being a program, PowerShell refers to several different things. First, it is the name of the well-known blue shell you employ when running commands.

The interface for interacting with the PowerShell language is this shell. It also supports a wide range of contemporary programming principles, including object orientation, parameter tab completion, command-line history, and a "pipeline" to pass data from one command to another.

IT professionals may control Windows, Linux, and macOS-powered systems using a crossplatform language called PowerShell. We'll go in-depth about automating chores using the PowerShell scripting language later.

What is PowerShell used for?

Computer system management is the primary usage of PowerShell. PowerShell can control a variety of items, including hardware, software, registry settings, file management, and network configuration. For the most part, PowerShell can control every computer system component.

PowerShell's ease of use and versatility are significant contributors to its success. With PowerShell, you may simultaneously manage your computer and hundreds or thousands of other machines connected to a computer network.

The majority of PowerShell users historically have been system administrators. Sysadmins enjoy it because it makes carrying out duties and doing their jobs more quickly and efficiently than if they were to do so in a GUI program. Using scripts, PowerShell also enables the automation of repetitive operations; we'll talk more about that later.

Top 10 Features of PowerShell Scripting

The capabilities of the Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment are the capabilities of PowerShell scripting (ISE). With the aid of these functionalities, Windows PowerShell ISE now supports PowerShell scripting. They make it possible to use right-to-left languages, multiline editing, syntax coloring, tab completion, selective execution, and contextsensitive assistance.

  • Menu bar
    The navigation bar is Windows PowerShell ISE's initial functionality. It has several headers, including File, Edit, View, Debug, Tools, Help, and Edit. Each header's menu appears when it is selected.
    Every option on every menu either supports the creation and execution of scripts or the execution of commands in the Windows PowerShell ISE. The menu bar is fundamental to any scripting activity in this setting.
  • Windows PowerShell tabs
    Scripts are written and executed using the Windows PowerShell Tab. Select the "New PowerShell Tab" by clicking on the "file" header in the menu bar.
    This will create a new Windows PowerShell tab. Multiple scripting environments can be active on a local or remote computer. A shaky maximum of eight tabs on the same machine may be open simultaneously.
  • Toolbar
    Another essential element for PowerShell scripting is the toolbar just beneath the menu bar. The bar has nineteen icons, each with a unique function. The "new" icon, which may be used to open new scripts in a Windows PowerShell tab, is the initial icon. Icons for opening and saving scripts and files, respectively, follow it.
  • Script tab
    This tab displays the name of the updated script. You must click the "script" tab to choose a script to edit. The entire script's file path will be displayed if you put your pointer on the script tab. Additionally, you can click the "x" button for that tab or another script tab in script tab to close a script.
  • Script pane
    When using Windows PowerShell ISE, there are two panels. Viewing and editing code are both possible in the script pane. The other pane is always displayed below the script pane. You can write and edit scripts and create new script files, and script tabs, display file oaths, execute partial scripts, complete scripts, and open and shut script tabs in this pane.
  • Console pane
    The Console pane, the second pane in Windows PowerShell ISE, displays the results of the code. Commands from the first script file are executed using the console pane. It displays the script pane's results by executing the commands in multiple formats.
  • Status bar
    You can use this functionality to see if your commands and scripts are finished. The bottom of the display is where you'll find the status bar. The status bar typically displays a fraction of error notifications.
  • Text-Size slider
    This feature's sole purpose is to increase and decrease the screen's text size. A text-size slider is a more user-friendly solution, even if some programmers use the cmdlet "$PSISE" to alter the font size.
  • Keyboard shortcuts
    Although they are in Windows PowerShell ISE, keyboard shortcuts for actions exist in Microsoft Word. Shortcuts aid the primary activities in Windows PowerShell ISE for the sub-actions. The primary actions are editing a script, running a script, customizing the interface, debugging scripts, opening the Windows PowerShell console, and shutting down Windows PowerShell.
  • Accessibility features
    Windows PowerShell is included in Microsoft's goal to make all its products accessible. PowerShell ISE includes accessibility capabilities for people with disabilities and the accessibility features offered by Microsoft. These features use $psISE.options as a scripting object and include a keyboard shortcut, text size adjustment, syntax coloring table, and color manipulation.

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