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How to Create NFT Marketplace on NEAR

The crypto world has had a rising scalability issue as dApps have become more widespread. In this application, scalability is the capacity of a blockchain to process a large volume of transactions at a fair cost and pace. Due to competition for its use, Ethereum has—in particular, struggled with scalability. Although some people support scaling solutions being built on top of Ethereum (Layer-2 solutions), other initiatives, like NEAR, have chosen to create completely new blockchains with higher dimensionality.

This article will focus on the steps in creating an NFT marketplace on NEAR. Before moving further, let’s know the importance of an NFT marketplace. Due to the close peer-to-peer nature of all trades conducted on an NFT marketplace, creators can more easily connect with their audience. Users gain from such a platform by being able to quickly look for and purchase their preferred NFT merchandise. NFT marketplace systems also assist in lowering obstacles for aspiring big-shot founders and small-scale NFT companies. The management of utility-based communities or even decentralized autonomous organizations, which are now trendy, is another way an NFT marketplace platform helps commercial businesses.

A Bit About NEAR Protocol

The NEAR Protocol was developed as a consensus cloud-based computing platform and features an open Proof-of-Stake (PoS) blockchain with smart contract functionality. NEAR, created by the NEAR Collective, aims to rival Ethereum and other top cryptographic protocol blockchains like EOS and Polkadot by being built to house decentralized applications (dApps). The native token of NEAR, also known as NEAR, is employed to cover transaction and storage costs. Token owners who partake in reaching network consensus by acting as transaction supernodes may also stake NEAR tokens.

More affordable and quicker than Ethereum is Near Protocol. What's more, it claims to be quicker than some of its biggest rivals. Near is anticipated to be capable of handling up to about 100,000 transactions per second once completely developed. According to its blockchain analyzer, Ethereum’s main rival, Solana, performs less than 3,000 transactions per second. Double-digit transactions per second are typical for Ethereum.

NEAR-based projects comprise Mintbase, a non-fungible token (NFT) crypto platform, and Flux, a system that enables developers to establish marketplaces for assets, services, actual events, and much more.

To what end, though, should we utilize the near protocol? Let’s examine its major benefits.

Why Build an NFT Marketplace on NEAR?

Users of NEAR blockchain’s dApps in DeFi get a continuous User Experience (UX). Depending on the sharding concept, the NEAR Protocol grows dApps on DeFi platforms and aids the network in retrieving data. It employs sharding and the Threshold Proof-of-Stake PoS election process (TPoS). With the help of this technique, the blockchain network can be managed by a huge number of people. The blockchain network’s decentralization and security are boosted via TPoS. A valuation method for dApp users is created by NEAR Protocol using TPoS.

Let’s now look at the advantages that make NEAR Protocol suitable for creating blockchain-based applications:

User Friendly and Simple

Relying on a specific DNS pattern, NEAR Protocol can generate an account address accessible by humans. With the conscious address, NEAR transforms into a user-friendly and straightforward blockchain that enables users with no prior technical knowledge to join the system.

Speed

The NEAR Protocol network features 18 million wallets, 400,000 transfers with a 2.4-second finality, and an astounding $0.01 charge per transfer. NEAR wraps up transactions five times faster than Ethereum but has a daily transaction volume that is three times lower.

Scalability

The infrastructure for a new kind of planet is called NEAR. Millions of people are given the freedom to create and experiment with novel experiences due to easy, secure, and scalable technology. Reimagining communities, economics, and innovation for a more sustainable and equitable future.

Compatibility With a Large Userbase on Ethereum

Regarding NFTs, NEAR Protocol can accept " folded " tokens from other chains.

Similarly, NEAR and Ethereum have built a bridge that enables users to send ERC-20 coins from Ethereum to NEAR.

Scale your Near Protocol projects with us

Eco-Friendly

NEAR Protocol provides startups and businesses with blockchain scalability solutions and distinctive sharding functionality. It can guarantee low fees, rapid transaction times, and environmental friendliness.

The Required Dependencies

The NEAR blockchain can be used autonomously and without clearance with several applications and technologies. These tools include the following:

NEAR Gitpods

NEAR uses Gitpod technology to provide developers with a quick orientation process. An online “Integrated Development Environment” is provided by this innovation. Using the IDE, developers may easily create, test, and deploy smart contracts from the internet. For experienced and novice developers, NEAR offers other templates that may be quickly implemented.

NEAR Wallet

The NEAR wallet has a built-in feature to easily allow holders to participate in the staking and governance procedures on the NEAR network. The NEAR blockchain facilitates the storage of digital assets for programmers and enterprise customers. For executing payment transactions on the blockchain, the NEAR wallet is a user-friendly wallet.

NEAR Blockchain Explorer

NEAR Explorer offers all of the actual network statistics in an accessible web-based manner to aid users in understanding the performance of the NEAR network and assist contract debugging.

NEAR Command Line Tools

The programmers can construct, develop, and deploy apps from their specific environments using NEAR’s collection of command-line tools.

Near-api.js

The NEAR platform has a JavaScript/TypeScript library called near-API-js that may be accessed from any customer- or network JavaScript ecosystem. A full library for all conceivable commands to interface with NEAR is provided through the JavaScript API. It functions as a container for the RPC services, a library for browser-based NEAR Wallet interaction, and a key management solution.

Near-cli

The NEAR Command Line Interface (CLI) is a tool that facilitates shell-based communication with the NEAR network. You can use the NEAR CLI, among many other things, to connect with and query data from existing contracts, install contracts, and log in with a NEAR account.

WASM Assembly

For building smart contracts on its platform, Near Protocol prefers to use AssemblyScript. They decided to adopt WebAssembly (WASM) because they thought employing web technology for excellent performance and portability was a fantastic approach. Because they discovered AssemblyScript to be the most portable and accessible by web (JavaScript) developers, they decided to utilize it as their language.

Explaining the Concepts

Contracts

In a NEAR network, smart contracts are straightforward systems. Smart contracts store information and provide methods for interacting with it, just like any other modern curriculum.

For transactions on these contracts, users must possess the keys mentioned above. The contract will establish an understanding of what is on-chain and what may be done.

Accounts

Accounts in NEAR operate differently from those in the majority of other blockchains. One example is that NEAR employs readable account IDs rather than a public key hash.

Unlike most other blockchains, a NEAR account is not substantially linked to a public/private key pair. Rather, the keys in NEAR—referred to as access keys—are adaptable. As many access keys as you require may be stored in your account. You have complete power over your account due to these keys. You may execute a contract, move funds, invest money, remove a key, and other operations.

How It All Works

Therefore, if we put everything together, we have individuals developing the app and your contracts. Then you eventually implement these contracts, and when they are on the Blockchain, we get users with keys, and they quickly connect with your application on Blockchain.

Building the NFT Marketplace

Now that you know how accounts, contracts, and everything else function, let's briefly examine how we might develop an NFT marketplace on NEAR.

Requirements

  • Node KS
  • Rust Toolchain
  • NEAR CLI
  • NEAR Wallet

Development

  • Using the command prompt, we will first clone the application for developing smart contracts:
    git clone
    https://github.com/kels-orien/nft-marketplace-part-1.git
  • Using the command CLI, access the wallet testnet account from the NFT-contract directory. Next, log in to the NEAR wallet account by entering the following command:
    near login
  • Then, using one of the two CLIs listed below, develop the contract from the nft-contract folder:
    For Windows OS
    /build.bat

    For macOS
    /build.sh
  • Build a sub-account from the nft-contract folder by using the CLI listed below:
    near create-account nft-contract.youraccountname.testnet --masterAccount youraccountname.testnet
  • Use the command below to activate the smart contract:

    near deploy --accountId nft-contract.youraccountname.testnet --wasmFile res/nft_contract.wasm
  • Use a rust contract template to start the development of the NEAR NFT marketplace. Using the CLI, construct a directory called nft-marketplace-part-1. Access the project root directory after that as:
    cd nft-marketplace-part-1

Cloning the NFT Marketplace on NEAR-Apps Github

Next, clone the rust template listed below in the nft-marketplace-part-1 root folder:

git clone https://github.com/near-examples/rust-template.git

The rust-template file is modified and renamed to nft-contract. Next, use the following code to change the Cargo.toml file:

Let's build together on Near Protocol

Booting the React Application From the SRC Folder

React with the parcel-bundler should now be included in the nft-marketplace-part-1/src directory. Then move index.html and intex.js into the newly created src folder in the nft-marketplace-part-1.

npm install near-api-js regenerator-runtime react-scripts

After that, update the package's script components. Enter the following command to generate json:

Finally, use the following command to launch the React application from the CLI in nft-marketplace-part-1:

npm start

Testing Your NFT App

First, log into your NEAR account and register there (for testing the system)

  • If you want to sell something, you’ll need to pay a few tokens to list it.
  • Assume that we have already logged in as the user “si1.testnet.” We must now log out and connect as “md1.testnest.”
  • Right now, we're going to acquire this NFT from "si1.testnet" by merely making an offer and purchasing that NFT to see if it functions.
  • Check the “My NFTs” area to determine if that NFT is now displaying an Address. If the NFT is visible there, you’ve done everything correctly!

So, this was how we could test the NFT marketplace.

NEAR NFT Standards

Our Near Development Solutions

Working with the best hands and brightest minds in the space, our blockchain development company employs the services of our in-house blockchain consultants with proven experience and a track record of success in Rust, Near CLI, and Node.js. We help companies and projects across the globe to build the best software on the Near blockchain.

We shall explain the development services we offer as a NEAR development company since we now understand the NFT marketplace on NEAR.

Smart Contract Development

We offer services for developing smart contracts that control your company's commercial operations using the Near protocol. From smart contract concepts to layout, monitoring, and efficiency, we handle every facet of contract creation.

Near DApp Development

We develop sophisticated, reliable, and adaptable dApps on the Near protocol by utilizing the benefit of limitless scalability offered by the Near Protocol. To maximize the utility of your dApp, we also assess the technical components of your project.

Wallet Development

To facilitate dApps and related transactions, our developers create and merge wallets into your dApp and decentralized market.

NEAR NFT Marketplace Development

You will get access to the best-curated NFT trading system due to our blockchain specialists’ analysis and innovation of feature-rich NFT marketplaces on Near Protocol. With Near blockchain’s inherent characteristics, we can personalize your marketplace to your commercial scenario.

Bridges

We assist businesses in taking advantage of connectivity by launching cross-chain bridges on the Near Protocol, enabling their users to easily transfer tokens, random data, and services across numerous independent blockchains.

Integrations

We offer DAO development and integration services, putting different facets of your business at the forefront. By allowing consumers to suggest protocol modifications and make important decisions, DAO helps you gain their trust.

Upgrades

To keep our clients' dApps optimized and operating with little downtime, we also provide them with ongoing support and maintenance solutions.

Conclusion

The NEAR blockchain is one of the unique blockchains with a carbon-neutral protocol that produces very little carbon dioxide. It is a massively scalable system based on the Nightshade and sharding consensus techniques. Its openness and use of human-readable account names rather than cryptographic key wallet addresses are distinctive aspects that lend to its legitimacy and capacity to scale. Users now have simpler access to wallets and dApps due to this. Therefore, NEAR blockchain is among the most appropriate blockchains for dApp development requirements of different companies and entrepreneurs.

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