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The soaring gas price of Ethereum in the past few years has forced many network investors to look for an alternative Blockchain ecosystem to invest in. This led to less money flow in the crypto ecosystem, a much more significant concern for major cryptocurrencies. But with the mushrooming of several new blockchain networks, some are seen as potential Ethereum competitors or other large-cap tokens. The simultaneous dip in the prices of Ethereum allowed these relatively more recent and smaller blockchain networks to compete for market share.

Polkadot and Solana are newbies looking forward to making a change by improving and implementing more scalable consensus mechanisms in relatively slow blockchain production.

So, let's look over how Polkadot Vs. Solana stands out against each and their specialties in detail.

What is Polkadot?

Polkadot is a multichain network that works to connect two different Blockchain networks, thereby bridging the gap between them. A common issue in blockchain development is that two separate networks cannot interact directly; for example - you can't send Ether to a Bitcoin network, as they both function independently.

Polkadot Blockchain development offers to overcome this problem by their "parachains," or in layman's terms, we may call them connecting blockchains. Parachains function in parallel and communicate with each other. Currently, the project Polkadot is in development and the "Prechain Rollout" phase, but there are over 100 parachains over the network, and they can compute up to 1 million transactions per second.

The testing of Polkadot's software has been taken care of by Kusama - a project, as Polkadot's governance and NPoS systems have not been officially released. If we talk about Polkadot's release, Kusama is an integral part of it as it gives the developers feedback on the platform, and after its release, these two platforms will combine as one.

Now, another vital part of Polkadot is Moonriver, which brings compatibility with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM); it allows users to test their projects and verify them with the creative power of the Ethereum network. In creating valuable and powerful projects on the Polkadot network, Moonriver helps a lot.

What is Solana?

Solana is an open-source programmable Blockchain protocol mainly focused on speed and providing service at a low gas fee. The use of smart contracts by blockchain developers allows anyone to create new projects on the chain. Solana is one of the fastest yet secure and censorship-resistant blockchain protocols. It has some unique qualities that led to its mass adoption in building open infrastructure quickly and efficiently, ranging from Decentralized Finance (DeFi) to Non Fungible Tokens (NFTs).

The beta mainnet of Solana can do basic transactions and innovative contract features that can verify the transactions within seconds with extravagant throughput and costs less. As a Blockchain platform Solana can solve the issue of higher transaction fees and slow speed; therefore is ideally suited for institutions worldwide in blockchain development to build decentralized applications (DApps) and marketplaces.

Polkadot VS Solana - Which is Better?

Polkadot has recently made itself into the top 10 in the entire crypto market and is relatively new like Solana, which boasts lightning-fast transaction speed. Polkadot is a heterogeneous multichain Blockchain network built by Web3 Foundation by commissioning around 100 developers and five teams. Its network's ability is built for scalability and on-chain governance, and one of the main features is the interoperability that lets it connect different Blockchains through a central platform. Polkadot is a blockchain development company that aims to make it easier than ever to create and connect decentralized applications, services, and institutions worldwide.


Both Polkadot and Solana are open-source Blockchain technology platforms. In the Polkadot codebase, anyone can contribute or run a code or even build a service. It is built to connect various private and public consortium chains and permissionless networks.

Consensus Mechanism

In the case of consensus mechanism, we need to know that Solana stands out in mining speed as it uses a Proof-of-History (PoH) mechanism to accurately and efficiently verify all transactions on the chain, which is different from traditional consensus models. The PoH mechanism arranges trades into chronological order using a verifiable delay function (VDF). Solana has strict criteria for becoming a validator as not as many are needed in comparison to other methods of verification. In Solana's PoH mechanism, the validator has to figure out if any transaction is missing or not part of it, which is much less work and leads to much faster and more efficient transactions.

On the other hand, Polkadot functions as a shared security protocol by running over the Nominated-Proof-of-Stake (NPoS) mechanism to achieve consensus. Due to its interoperability nature, the developers introduced synchronized clocks to smoothen the validation, and the projects connected to the relay chain share the common consensus mechanism. The individual para chains can communicate under this mechanism, and there is no need for additional state indicators in the network. Through bridges, Polkadot can do interoperable communication with external blockchains, and to do this exchange of information, special parachains are responsible.

Speed, Security, and Scalability

Polkadot does not get bottlenecked like isolated blockchains, as it is a sharded multichain network that overcomes those issues that usually happen over legacy networks. Polkadot, to improve scalability, does parallel processing, which conveniently improves scalability significantly and creates the right conditions for increased adoption and future growth.

In terms of security, it is worth mentioning that Polkadot runs on a Nominated-Proof-of-Stake mechanism translated to shared security, where all DOTs staked in the system are essentially backing all the projects in the ecosystem. The security costs in Polkadot get significantly reduced due to the NPoS mechanism, which translates into all those projects built over Polkadot.

When we talk about Solana, it can function at extraordinary transaction speed, where it can clock up to 50,000 TPS due to the Gulf Stream protocol that is responsible for transaction caching and for forwarding them to the edge of the network. This drastically reduces the confirmation time and the memory requirements on validators from unconfirmed transaction pools.

As we know, speed, security, and scalability are well addressed in Solana. Still, in the case of Polkadot, if any business wants additional protection, they can bootstrap their safety with their validators, nominators, etc., to beef up more.

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Smart contract capabilities

Smart Contract is actively not supported in Polkadot as being unique chain architecture where it has Relay Chain; however, with the help of parachains Smart Contracts can be deployed.

Whereas over Solana, the beta mainnet can do basic transactions and innovative contract features. Sea Level is another feature in Solana that helps in the parallelized transaction processing engine that results in a better runtime for the network. It allows Solana to scale horizontally across GPUs and SSDs.

Native token

Like most significant cryptocurrencies, Polakdot also offers a native token named DOT that can be used for several functions over the Relay Chain. Developers need a DOT token to start a new project and couple it to the Relay Chain, which is used for system-wide governance.

Whereas Solana has its native token by the name of SOL, which has more chances of appreciation in terms of growth. Ethereum users are looking forward to migrating to other platforms due to its high gas fee. So, here Solana can utilize the opportunity, but again future prices of both tokens will primarily be driven by future utility.

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Community support and Funding

In terms of community support and Funding, we see that Polkadot has an active community forum like Solana, where you can discuss with like-minded people and developers Polkadot. Other mediums include Twitter, Reddit, GitHub, and an active Discord community.

In terms of Funding, the Solana Foundation, a non-profit organization, is the authority that looks after developing the blockchain's community-building initiatives. In contrast, Solana Labs remains at the top in terms of the core contributor to the network. While Polkadot received almost a total of $293.7M in Funding, a Swiss organization named the Web 3 Foundation runs the network by owning around 11% of the tokens.


Polkadot and Solana are both different in terms of functioning, as Polkadot aims to connect various Blockchains for the sake of interoperability and scalability through blockchain software development services. In contrast, Solana focuses on bringing low fees with increased speed.

Also, in terms of altcoin networks, Polkadot and Solana made themselves into the top 10 cryptocurrencies apart from the crypto behemoth. As of now, both are working over different tangents, which can make the backbones of blockchain development if they accomplish.

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