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BLOCKCHAIN IN AGRICULTURE

The agricultural blockchain market is predicted to increase from an estimated $41.2 million in 2017 to almost $430 million by 2023, reflecting an astounding 47.8% compound annual growth rate (CAGR). The blockchain is already transforming the industry's business by lowering the risk of fraudulent activities, increasing transaction speeds, assisting farmers in crop control and analysis, and much more.

Blockchain is a distributed record of transactions and accounts recorded and preserved by all parties involved, also known as a blockchain ledger. The goal of blockchain technology is to promote transparency and accountability, which is why it's becoming a popular tool in modern blockchain in agriculture.

Blockchain in the agriculture industry is used as a technology to enhance the number of reliable information available about inventory, the agricultural sector, and the overall status of the farms. In the past, storing data was a costly process, but blockchain has the potential to alter that shortly.

By continually tracking the source of various products, it is now feasible to enhance the quality of the food supply chain management and preserve confidence between customers and farmers using blockchain in agriculture industry.

It enables the facilitation of numerous data-driven technologies to bring in the era of the smart farming industry since it is a stable and trustworthy means of storing data. When combined with the notion of smart contracts, it helps to smooth out the nature of transactions between multiple parties by speeding up the entire process.

Blockchain Use Cases in Agriculture

In the subsequent parts of this article, we shall explore crucial Blockchain use cases in agriculture. Various blockchain uses exist in the agricultural sector, and more are being created based on recent technological advancements. There are a few major segments to growing the blockchain in agriculture industry in developing countries.

Blockchain Smart farming More Efficient

Smart farming, also known as smart agriculture, is the main Blockchain use case in agriculture industry. It incorporates numerous current technological advancements into the precision farming process to increase its efficiency and dependability. It incorporates information and communications technology, sensors, machine learning technology, and various data collection and analytical tools.

Although smart technology has been available to farming for some time, developing a solid and comprehensive security system to effectively handle and exploit the data collected is a big difficulty in its application.

The traditional smart technology management system procedures are often centralized, resulting in different errors and distortions in data collecting. It also increases the risk of a cyber-attack being launched against the entire system. However, with current blockchain technology, storing data securely is feasible. From the seed until the sale of diverse agricultural production, the many players in the entire process can generate the necessary environmental monitoring data at any point. Blockchain experts can deploy blockchain technology in ways that enable data transparency and assure that all statistics are immutable.

Blockchain's decentralization is by far its greatest strength in smart agriculture. This capability simplifies providing data to diverse users' displays while reducing data loss and distortion. For the sake of transparency, all transactions in a blockchain are properly recorded.

Numerous smart farming models have been established to date based on the value and promise of blockchain in agriculture industry. These models assist in bringing the features of blockchain technology and IoT together.

One such solution was created expressly for greenhouses, which require the usage of IoT sensors to operate as a private local blockchain that the farmer can easily maintain.

Another approach has been developed for broad usage, incorporating IoT and blockchain technologies. The basic principle of this structure is to aid in developing trust among the many blockchain players. Various users may use smartphones to access data stored at every stage of the farming process, from seed to product sale.

Several firms are also devoting a significant amount of time and money to the rural development of the smart agricultural industry and supply chain. "Filament," for example, is a brand that sells products that use smart farming technology to connect multiple networks to actual items. The business created a coin-sized technology to aid users in conducting safe transactions on a blockchain.

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Blockchain in the Agricultural Food Supply Chain

Because of the process of globalization, the food supply chain in the agriculture market has become longer and more intensive than it has ever been. The truth remains, however, that there are several challenges in the present food supply chain transparency, including concerns about food security, quality, traceability, trust, and supply chain inefficiencies. This burdens the economy and society and puts customers' health at risk.

Blockchain technology resolves many of these difficulties by establishing trust between producers (or supply chain) and customers. Offering specific product data within the blockchain can substantially improve transparency in this process.

This has far-reaching consequences for both corporations and farmers. It enables businesses to raise the value of their goods and, as a result, their market competitiveness. It would also make it highly impossible for low-quality or fake goods providers to stay in the system if they kept up their bad habits.

Product Quality Control

According to studies, approximately of fruits and vegetables are thrown away in industrialized countries due to inappropriate storage and transportation conditions, with 34% of these goods becoming unsuitable before reaching the field. This is primarily because neither the farmer, the freight carrier, nor the supplier controls the indicators of humidity, temperature, CO2, and so on.

To track the storage and transit of agricultural products, dedicated sensors can collect essential information and record it in real-time in a blockchain-based decentralized distribution book. As a result, stakeholders (farmers, distributors, and consumers) can determine when the product rotted and prevent it from happening again.

Enhancing Supply Networks

The agriculture product market is global. Food from Africa, Latin America, Europe, and Alaska can be found on supermarket shelves. A complicated logistic mechanism that routes items through dozens of middlemen is in charge of delivery; to put it gently, the effectiveness of interaction between them leaves much to be desired.

According to World Economic Forum research, using new technologies to decrease bureaucratic hurdles in logistics and supply chains will boost global commerce by 15% and global GDP by 5%. At the same time, experts believe that blockchain is the only technology capable of removing these restrictions.

Reasonable Pricing

Weather conditions, inelastic demand and supply, and global market conditions all contribute to the majority of earnings from agricultural product sales ending up in the pockets of intermediaries and merchants. While farmers' and raw material producers' salaries remain exceedingly low.

Because blockchain minimizes the number of intermediaries, farmers can directly engage in contracts with merchants on more favorable terms.

Blockchain increases market transparency, which can be used to put social pressure on parties that generate excessive gains. This method has been proven beneficial in the practice of eco-organizations.

Farmers can use blockchain-based platforms to build worldwide trade unions to preserve their rights. All of this will enhance farmers' income. This will be one of the great benefits of Blockchain agriculture for developing countries, where agriculture employs a large portion of the population and will save many people from starvation. A Country like Uganda, where nine out of ten people lived in the countryside in the 1990s, is an example. According to studies, a 10% increase in the price of coffee beans resulted in a 6% decrease in the number of households living in poverty (2 million people).

How Blockchain Technology Improves Food Production?

Regarding food production, blockchain technology delivers transparency, security, and decentralization. Immutability is a property of blockchain. Every modification is monitored, documented, and exposed to the whole network of people who access the information, so transactions cannot be changed or disguised.

It also stores data in a distributed fashion. This implies that information is not stored on a single server. Rather, numerous copies of the data are stored on multiple networks that all members may access and read. Because blockchain creates such a transparent environment, it eliminates the need for trust and eliminates the necessity for a central authority to mediate between the parties.

The features of blockchain technology that are particularly beneficial in food tampering, fraud, and deceptive advertising are all things that need to be avoided. Assisting with large-scale recalls of hazardous goods. Detecting food waste in supply chain networks. Reducing the likelihood of food spoilage. And allowing businesses to confirm organic or fair-food origins.

However, there are a few obstacles with blockchain that must be overcome. The issue of how to overcome the complexity of the food ecosystem is the first obstacle for newcomers to the field. Blockchain technology at a typical agricultural food production site necessitates a tailored system and improved data input procedures. Agricultural goods come in various shapes, sizes, storage systems, handling processes, and data recording ways.

Multiple platforms and non-synchronized terminology can present difficulties in adjusting to the food system. Numerous participants and many levels of infrastructure are involved in the food ecosystem. Implementing blockchain at scale necessitates granular customization, from farm operations to working around current ERP systems and changing the data-collecting method.

Multiple platforms and non-synchronized terminology can present difficulties in adjusting to the food system. Numerous participants and many levels of infrastructure are involved in the food ecosystem. Implementing blockchain at scale necessitates granular customization, from farm operations to working around current ERP systems and changing the data-collecting method.

Data transparency is also a worry raised by opponents of blockchain for food. On the one side, data transparency would provide accountability for inclusive trade and agricultural industry methods, bolstering organic, freshness, and higher-quality claims. On the other side, precise information may be inspected if something goes wrong, resulting in a backlash against corporations. Requesting voluntary sharing of information is tough, especially when the information is vital and might impact enterprises. In agricultural food production, if a pesticide is applied to treat plant disease during manufacturing, customers may reduce the product's value or reject it outright. Farmers may hesitate to engage in smart contracts and blockchain implementation if their competitors gain a competitive advantage by concealing specific goods or processing data.

Another problem to be concerned about is blockchain's ability to manage enormous amounts of data, particularly trading data. So far, blockchain use in transactions, where more major economic repercussions may occur, has received the least attention. First, major businesses are showing interest in using blockchain because they already have the infrastructure, both technological systems and data, to facilitate data processing automation at the farm level. Furthermore, because one of the restrictions of the blockchain is that each transaction added to the blockchain increases the size of the database, the structure and scaling must be properly planned out. The network should either have a smaller ledger or more centralized control. As a result, companies are requesting big trials to test the boundaries of blockchain before it is implemented

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Conclusion

Blockchain is a rapidly developing technology. While technology has started to transform several sectors, it still has a long way to go.

We've seen blockchain technology expand and become widely available in recent years, with the potential to alter a variety of industries, particularly the food industry. There are a lot of inventors in the blockchain field.

However, it is becoming increasingly evident that blockchain in agriculture industry has applications in the business. The global agriculture market is valued at more than 2.4 trillion dollars and employs more than one billion people. There is more possibility for creativity now than ever before.

Agricultural supply chains can be greatly benefitted from smart contracts and blockchain technology if the food producers and other supply chains start focusing on big data, crop insurance, unmanned aerial vehicles, and similar efficient regulations that ease the job of tracking as well as bringing the agricultural physical objects from their exact location to the retail store.

Smart contracts can help revolutionize the agricultural supply chains by utilizing the data collected through crop insurance schemes and other such processes to boost the supply chain management system.

To sum it all up, if a supply chain is eager to boost its efficiency in the agriculture sector, there is no better way than to develop a private local blockchain for its date. This will help a supply chain manage and track the entire process by keeping live access to the data collected and stored in the food production process and its supply.

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Blockchain in Healthcare

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